On August 11, 1965,
a routine traffic stop sparked the inituatives of riots. These lasted up to 6 days, leaving 34 dead, over 1,000 injured, 4,000
arrested, and hundreds of buildings destroyed. John McCone was named to head a comission to study the riots. Through this
studied he stated that it was not the acts of "thugs", but the high jobless rate in the inner city, poor housing, and bad
schools. However, no initiative effort was taken place to rebuild or restore the damage the riots had caused.