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Black History

Sixteenth Street Baptist Church

     On September 15,1963, a bombing took place at Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama. Four young girls aging 11-14 were killed when the bomb exploded during Sunday school--Denise McNair, Cynthis Wesley, Carole Robertson, and Addie Mae Collins, and twenty others were injured. This act shocked the nation. Martin Luther King, Jr., spoke at the funeral of three of the girls. Both races attended the funeral and mourned the deaths of the girls.
    A few days before the bombing took place a "civil rights" meeting was held which ordered Birmingham's schools to desegregate. Four supremacists were under investigation days after the bombing. Bobby Frank Cherry, Robert Chambliss, Thomas Blanton, and Herman Cash. Two years after the bombing, FBI Director, J. Edgar Hoover, declined the pursuing of the case and in 1968 the investigation was shut down. However, in the 1970s, a U.S Justice Department investigation revealed there had been "blocked" evidence and the case reopened.
 
     In 1977, ringleader, Robert Chambliss, was convicted of one count of murder in the death of Carol McNair, and in 1985 Chambliss died. In 1994, Herman Cash, died and was never sent to trial. By 2000, Thomas Blanton and Bobby Frank Cherry we both indicted, only by an FBI agent obtaining more thatn 9,000 FBI documents and surveillance tapes that were kept from original prosecutors. In 2001, Blanton was convicted and sentence life to prison. Cherry was convicted of four counts of murder in 2002, when family members testified against him. Cherry died in 2004.
         
 
 
 
       

The victims of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church bombing ( the top left corner on down to the bottom left corner) and the site after the bombing ( at the top right corner.) The parents of Denise McNair (right bottom.)